|Small cupped Narcissus hybrid close to the town proper on the side of the road.|
|Feb 11, 5:59 AM|
|Feb 11, 4:44 PM|
If , however, the stigmas were partially constricted in the flower tube (the thin part behind the tepals), that would indicate moth or butterfly pollination, bees morphologically unable to functionally pollinate the flowers, meaning they wouldn't fit. This is the case with many tazetta and jonquil type forms, such as Narcissus tazetta, or paperwhites.
|'King Alfred' type Trumpet Narcissus, Division 1|
The types of Narcissus typically called 'daffodils' have unique properties, or at least the wild forms do. A study revealed a greenhouse effect created by the corona, or trumpet, of a particular species. Inside was discovered to be warmer than ambient air temperatures outside, particularly closest to the anthers. This adaptation entices solitary bees, Anthophora sp. in Europe, to enter the flowers. Honeybees are rarely active this early, except when the temperatures reach a threshold of around 55° F. Bumblebees, however, can fly at cooler temperatures by vibrating their flight muscles while not in flight to stay warm. That may be why I have only ever seen bumblebees attracted to Narcissus.
The same flower, a few days later. Unlike the related Narcissus cyclamineus, the tepals are nowhere near as recurved, and will most likely remain at a right angle
Small flowers such as this, less than eight inches, are always worth tilting up for a closer look. It is good to remind yourself that the purpose of flowers is not just beauty but rather for reproduction, so go forth and appreciate the reproductive parts. They often offer as many interesting surprises in flowers as the more obvious parts.